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HSC Community and Family Studies Core 2: Groups in Context Category A Group: Youth Resources

Exploring the four specific groups within the community

Students learn about:

Students learn to:

Support resources:


  • prevalence of each group within the community
  • individual diversity within each group
  • terminology used by the community to describe the group







satisfaction of needs

  • specific needs of each group
    • adequate standard of living (food, clothing, shelter)
    • health
    • education
    • employment
    • safety and security
    • sense of identity


  • utilise reliable sources of data to examine the nature of each group by considering the following questions:
    • what is the prevalence of the group within Australia?
    • what determines whether an individual is part of the group?
    • how might individuals vary within the group?
  • recognise that the community uses positive and negative terminology to describe each group. Discuss the impact this might have on individuals within the group 


  • identify and prioritise the specific needs of each group


  • justify the TWO most significant needs for each group and discuss the implications if these are not met



Prevalence of the group within the community

The Health of children and young people in NSW: At a glance (2014)

The Health of children and young people in NSW: Full report (2014)

Australia’s Children and Young People: Health Tracker (2016)


Individual diversity within the group

AIHW Australia’s Welfare (2015 full report)

AIHW Australia’s Welfare: Children and Youth (2015 in brief)


Specific needs of the group

Foundation for young Australians (FYP) - Renewing Australia’s Promise: Report Card (2016)

Mission Australia Youth Survey report  (2015)

Office of the children’s eSafety Commissioner: Media releases

The Foundation for Young Australians: How are young people faring in the transition from school to work? Report Card (2015)


access to services

  • types of services, eg financial support, transport, accommodation and housing, health care, counselling, education, employment, legal aid
  • factors affecting access to services
    • characteristics of individuals within the group, eg age, gender, level of education, culture, type of disability, first language spoken, socioeconomic status
    • resources, eg time, money, energy, knowledge
    • aspects of the service, eg opening hours, confidentiality, location, staffing


  • explore the factors that can affect each group’s access to services by considering the following questions:
    • what types of services does each group require access to?
    • how do the characteristics of individuals within each group affect their access to services?
    • what resources are necessary to support each group’s access to the service?
    • how available are the services within the community?


Types of services

Department of Human Services - Students and trainees

Transport NSW: Concession fares for children and secondary students

School student transport scheme

Y Foundation Youth Health Services

Department of education  and training: Schooling programs

Australian government department of employment: Job seeks (Young people)

Legal aid NSW: Children’s legal service

Legal aid NSW: Youth Hotline

Factors affecting access to services

Reachout: Breaking down barriers to help seeking

NSW Health: Young people and health services

Bridging the gap: Educating family members from migrant communities  about seeking help for depression, anxiety and substance misuse in young people (2014)

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